Israel and the United States have signed a memorandum of understanding on the implementation of the landmark Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), which came into force on December 19, 2017.
The memorandum of intent, which is still being finalized, aims to “ensure that the two countries are not seeking to use the NPT as a means to achieve a nuclear weapons capability” and also “reinforce Israel’s commitment to its obligations under the NPN”.
The agreement signed on Thursday is the latest in a series of agreements signed by Israel and Washington in the coming years to strengthen ties between the two nations.
Israel has already signed the NPS Agreement for a Comprehensive and Enhanced Nuclear-Related Security Framework.
The agreement also includes a memorandum on the establishment of an independent Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
The agreement was announced by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the White House on Friday morning.
The deal was also endorsed by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
The United States has been seeking to strengthen relations with Israel since the end of the Cold War and the signing of the NTP is a step in that direction.
The US is the world’s second-largest military spender after Israel and has an active nuclear arsenal, but is keen to limit its stockpile and its ability to defend itself against threats.
On Friday, US President Donald Trump tweeted that the agreement was a “great start” and noted that Israel has agreed to follow through with a “proportional” share of nuclear weapons in exchange for the United Nations lifting its UN Security Council sanctions.
Israel, however, does not accept the U.N. resolution, which imposes sanctions on the country for its military activities.
The U.K. has said that it will not implement the NPP and the agreement will not be binding on it.
Israel, which has around 70 nuclear warheads, has long said that its nuclear weapons are defensive in nature and that the treaty does not require it to reduce its arsenal.
The deal is meant to put pressure on the United Kingdom to halt the nuclear weapons production.
The nuclear deal with Israel, which was signed in November 2019, is the most significant military pact between the world powers in years.
The two countries agreed to a framework for a long-term nuclear cooperation agreement with the U,S.
and EU that would provide the framework for future negotiations.
During the visit, Netanyahu and Trump also discussed the future of peace with the Palestinians.
Trump said that he wants to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through a two-state solution, and Netanyahu called the Palestinian leadership’s refusal to compromise as “anti-Israeli propaganda”.
The US has been a strong supporter of the two-State solution, but has not formally joined the process.
As part of the agreement, Israel also agreed to expand and modernise the Haifa International Airport, which will be able to handle the anticipated 20,000 passengers a day by 2030.
Israel also aims to expand its military cooperation with the United Arab Emirates and the UAE has a military presence in the occupied West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip.